Army Enlisted Ranks

U.S. Army Enlisted Rank Insignias

SERGEANT MAJOR OF THE ARMY

  • There's only one Sergeant Major of the Army
  • Epitome of what it means to be a Sergeant and oversees all Non-Commissioned Officers
  • Advisor and consultant to the Chief of Staff of the Army (a four-star General)

COMMAND SERGEANT MAJOR (CSM)

  • (Addressed as "Command Sergeant Major")
  • A CSM's counsel is expected to be calm, settled, and accurate
  • Supplies recommendations to the commander and staff with unflagging enthusiasm
  • Sets standards on performance, training, appearance, and conduct of enlisted personnel
  • Assists Officers at the brigade level (3,000 to 5,000 Soldiers)

SERGEANT MAJOR (SGM)

  • (Addressed as "Sergeant Major")
  • SGMs experience and abilities are equal to that of the CSM
  • Leadership is generally limited to those directly under his charge
  • Assists Officers at the battalion level (300 to 1,000 Soldiers)

FIRST SERGEANT (1SG)

  • (Addressed as "First Sergeant")
  • Principal NCO and life-blood of the company; provider, disciplinarian, and wise counselor
  • Instructs other SGTs, advise the Commander and helps train all enlisted Soldiers
  • Assists Officers at the company level (62 to 190 Soldiers)

MASTER SERGEANT (MSG)

  • (Addressed as "Sergeant")
  • Principal NCO at the battalion level and often higher
  • Not charged with all the leadership responsibilities of a 1SG
  • Expected to dispatch leadership and other duties with the same professionalism

SERGEANT FIRST CLASS (SFC)

  • (Addressed as "Sergeant")
  • Key assistant and advisor to the platoon leader
  • Generally has 15 to 18 years of Army experience
  • Makes quick, accurate decisions in the best interests of Soldiers and country

STAFF SERGEANT (SSG)

  • (Addressed as "Sergeant")
  • Also commands a squad (9 to 10 Soldiers)
  • Often has one or more SGTs under their leadership
  • Develops, maintains, and utilizes the full range of his Soldier's potential

SERGEANT (SGT)

  • (Addressed as "Sergeant")
  • Typically commands a squad (9 to 10 Soldiers)
  • Has greatest impact on Soldiers because SGTs oversee daily tasks
  • SGTs set an example and the standard for Privates to look up to and live up to

CORPORAL (CPL)

  • (Addressed as "Corporal")
  • The base of the Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) ranks
  • CPLs serve as team leader of the smallest Army units
  • Responsible for inpidual training, personal appearance, and cleanliness of Soldiers

SPECIALIST (SPC)

  • (Addressed as "Specialist")
  • Can manage other enlisted Soldiers of lower rank
  • Served a minimum of two years and attended a training for promotion
  • People with a four year college degree can enter as a Specialist

PRIVATE FIRST CLASS (PFC)

  • (Addressed as "Private")
  • Promoted to this level after one year or earlier by request of supervisor
  • Begins BCT at this level with experience or prior military training
  • Carries out orders issued to them to the best of his/her ability

PRIVATE (PVT/PV2)

  • (Addressed as "Private")
  • Lowest Rank. A trainee who's starting Basic Combat Training (BCT)
  • Carries out orders issued to them to the best of his/her ability
  • (PVT does not have an insignia)

  • Preschool